Auschwitz

Voices from the Death Camp

Auschwitz: Voices from the Death Camp. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2012.


Illustrated in color and black-and-white with over 45 photographs, many of them rare. For ages 12 to adult. Published by Enslow.

Introduction

 

Auschwitz: Voices from the Death Camp examines the largest death camp of the Holocaust. It the beginning of Oswiecim as a Polish military camp before Poland was invaded by the Germans in 1939 and explains the construction and organization of the largest concentration camp developed by the Nazi regime: Auschwitz I (the administrative center), Auschwitz II-Birkenau (the Death Camp with its multiple gas chambers and crematoria), and Auschwitz III (the affiliated slave labor camps).

The book features ten true accounts from prisoners of the camp and Nazi perpetrators: 

Chapter 1. Kazimierz Albin (one of the first Polish prisoners)

On his arrival at Auschwitz: "We saw extended lines of armed SS-men on either side of the track. The carriage doors were thrown open. . . . Our escorts, who up until now had been relatively calm, suddenly started on us as if possessed. Using their rifle butts, they shoved us out of the carriage and, amid ear-splitting shouts, drove us through a gate into a large square surrounded by a thick barbed-wire fence. At every corner, perched on tall wooden beams, was a watchtower with a machine gun manned by SS-men."

Chapter 2. Rudolf Höss (the camp commandant)

On ordering the death of a fellow Nazi: "The condemned man was a decent person in his middle thirties, married with three children, who had been conscientious and loyal in his duties. . . . He went to his death calm and collected. To this day I still cannot understand how I could have calmly given the order to fire...."

Chapter 3. Pery Broad (a camp official)

"On conditions at Birkenau: "Feet sank into a sticky bog at every step. There was hardly any water for washing. The prisoners slept, six to a bed, on wooden planks placed in three tiers. Most of the beds were without straw pallets. The roll call held twice daily meant standing for hours in wet and cold weather with mire underfoot. If it rained in the daytime, the prisoners would be obliged to lie on the beds in their wet clothes. No wonder that several hundred of them died every day...."

Chapter 4. Andrey Pogozhev (a Russian POW)

On his arrival at Auschwitz: "Our first days in Auschwitz dumbfounded us. They transformed us from human beings into a herd of animals. . . . Everyone had to be present for roll-call. Sick men . . . even dead men . . . would be brought out from the blocks...."

Chapter 5. Walter Winter (a Roma prisoner)

On summarizing his feelings about Auschwitz: "In books you read: [Auschwitz] was like this, and this. The authors always write that so and so many people were murdered and that the people were maltreated. That is correct, that is all true, but you don’t read about the feelings, the constant fear. There are things that people cannot begin to comprehend...."

Chapter 6. Dr. Miklos Nyiszli (a prisoner forced to work for Dr. Mengele)

On his life after Auschwitz: "I knew it would take much time and infinite patience before we could resume any sort of really normal life. But all that mattered was that we were alive . . . and together again. Life suddenly became meaningful again...."

Chapter 7. Shlomo Dragon (a prisoner forced to work in the Sonderkommando)

On trying to escape from Nazi guards during the death march: "As I marched, I suddenly saw a path that broke away from the main road and led to a village. . . . I told my brother, 'Abraham, I’m going down that path, even if I get shot. I want to escape.' It was obvious to me that the Germans would shoot at me . . . but I was determined to try. . . ."

Chapter 8. Anna Heilman (a prisoner whose sister participated in the 1944 uprising)

On remembering a dream about bread during her first night at Auschwitz: "Slowly my eyes close. I see a whole golden loaf of bread. . . . I grab it with both my hands to sink my teeth into it, when the shrill of the whistle wakes me up. I close my eyes to see my treasure once more, but my dream has flitted away...."

Chapter 9. Primo Levi (a prisoner who became a famous writer)

On the meaning of food at Auschwitz: "We have learnt the value of food; now we also diligently scrape the bottom of the bowl after the ration and we hold it under our chins when we eat bread so as not to lose the crumbs. . . ."

Chapter 10. Éva Heyman (a prisoner who left behind a diary)

On the deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz: "They forced 80 people in freight cars and they gave them altogether only one bucket of drinking water. But it is still more awful that they are sealing the cars with padlocks...."