Auschwitz: Voices from the Death Camp examines the largest death camp of the Holocaust. It the beginning of Oswiecim as a Polish military camp before Poland was invaded by the Germans in 1939 and explains the construction and organization of the largest concentration camp developed by the Nazi regime: Auschwitz I (the administrative center), Auschwitz II-Birkenau (the Death Camp with its multiple gas chambers and crematoria), and Auschwitz III (the affiliated slave labor camps).
The book features ten true accounts from prisoners of the camp and Nazi perpetrators:
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Kazimierz Albin (one of the first Polish prisoners)
On his arrival at Auschwitz: "We saw extended lines of armed SS-men on either side of the track. The carriage doors were thrown open. . . . Our escorts, who up until now had been relatively calm, suddenly started on us as if possessed. Using their rifle butts, they shoved us out of the carriage and, amid ear-splitting shouts, drove us through a gate into a large square surrounded by a thick barbed-wire fence. At every corner, perched on tall wooden beams, was a watchtower with a machine gun manned by SS-men."
On ordering the death of a fellow Nazi: "The condemned man was a decent person in his middle thirties, married with three children, who had been conscientious and loyal in his duties. . . . He went to his death calm and collected. To this day I still cannot understand how I could have calmly given the order to fire...."
Chapter 3. Pery Broad (a camp official)
"On conditions at Birkenau: "Feet sank into a sticky bog at every step. There was hardly any water for washing. The prisoners slept, six to a bed, on wooden planks placed in three tiers. Most of the beds were without straw pallets. The roll call held twice daily meant standing for hours in wet and cold weather with mire underfoot. If it rained in the daytime, the prisoners would be obliged to lie on the beds in their wet clothes. No wonder that several hundred of them died every day...."
Chapter 4. Andrey Pogozhev (a Russian POW)
On his arrival at Auschwitz: "Our first days in Auschwitz dumbfounded us. They transformed us from human beings into a herd of animals. . . . Everyone had to be present for roll-call. Sick men . . . even dead men . . . would be brought out from the blocks...."
Chapter 5. Walter Winter (a Roma prisoner)
On summarizing his feelings about Auschwitz: "In books you read: [Auschwitz] was like this, and this. The authors always write that so and so many people were murdered and that the people were maltreated. That is correct, that is all true, but you don’t read about the feelings, the constant fear. There are things that people cannot begin to comprehend...."
Chapter 6. Dr. Miklos Nyiszli (a prisoner forced to work for Dr. Mengele)
On his life after Auschwitz: "I knew it would take much time and infinite patience before we could resume any sort of really normal life. But all that mattered was that we were alive . . . and together again. Life suddenly became meaningful again...."
Chapter 7. Shlomo Dragon (a prisoner forced to work in the Sonderkommando)
On trying to escape from Nazi guards during the death march: "As I marched, I suddenly saw a path that broke away from the main road and led to a village. . . . I told my brother, 'Abraham, I’m going down that path, even if I get shot. I want to escape.' It was obvious to me that the Germans would shoot at me . . . but I was determined to try. . . ."
Chapter 8. Anna Heilman (a prisoner whose sister participated in the 1944 uprising)
On remembering a dream about bread during her first night at Auschwitz: "Slowly my eyes close. I see a whole golden loaf of bread. . . . I grab it with both my hands to sink my teeth into it, when the shrill of the whistle wakes me up. I close my eyes to see my treasure once more, but my dream has flitted away...."
Chapter 9. Primo Levi (a prisoner who became a famous writer)
On the meaning of food at Auschwitz: "We have learnt the value of food; now we also diligently scrape the bottom of the bowl after the ration and we hold it under our chins when we eat bread so as not to lose the crumbs. . . ."
Chapter 10. Éva Heyman (a prisoner who left behind a diary)
On the deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz: "They forced 80 people in freight cars and they gave them altogether only one bucket of drinking water. But it is still more awful that they are sealing the cars with padlocks...."
Pennsylvania State Library Association
"Using prisoners’ personal accounts, James Deem details the horrors of the German death camp Auschwitz. Beginning with an introduction on the construction and expansion of the camp, each chapter focuses on an individual’s experience in the camp. This searing account concludes with an entry on visiting Auschwitz today and its emotional impact on the author. Well-chosen photos, chapter notes, glossary, additional resources, and index add value to this important book. Highly recommended for all middle school and high school libraries."
TriState Reviews (PA, DE, and NJ; February 7, 2012):
"The book is both exceptionally well written and exciting. The book is remarkably nonjudgmental, non-sensationalized, and compassionately objective in its presentation of information. Each chapter offers the personal narratives of several of the active participants: Jewish, Polish, Gypsy prisoners, Soviet POWs, and Nazi officials and guards. First person accounts are presented in cursive script and discuss events, experiences, and outcomes. They share their feelings, fears and memories of Auschwitz and how their “selection” was made. The book ends with a timeline, chapter notes, glossary, further reading, and an index. This is a must purchase for any library."
Reading Robin Blog (August 2012)
"A well-researched account of the Nazi concentration camp, Auschwitz, based on eyewitness accounts. Commentary: This is one of the better books I’ve read on Auschwitz, mainly because it contains true accounts from prisoners and camp officials alike; it has a very well-rounded point of view. It does not contain the gruesome photos that many books on the Holocaust do, but that does not make these stories any less horrifying. There are photos of the camps, the gas chambers, maps of the grounds, and more, where more than 1.1 million people met their deaths. One of the most intriguing and awful stories comes from Dr. Miklos Ngiszli, a Jewish doctor forced to work for the notorious Dr. Josef Mengele; I cannot imagine the unspeakable things this guy had to see and was forced to do to his own people. I even learned a few facts I had never heard of before–like the Nazi’s harvesting thousands of pounds of hair from the prisoners and shipping it off to make textiles (including uniforms) for the German army. *shudder*
"This is a great book for gaining general knowledge about the Holocaust, particularly the concentration camps, and would be a wonderful resource for researchers, because of all the primary sources. It lends invaluable insight into the terror that was Auschwitz. I recommend for grades 10 and up."
Christian Library Journal (February/April 2012)
"The narrative, which is nonjudgmental and non-sensationalized, includes true accounts from prisoners of the camp.... What sets Auschwitz by Deem apart from other titles is the view it provides in looking at this unspeakable horror through the eyes of survivors who had to watch those around them suffer and perish."
Delaware County Library System (January 2012)
". . . a very useful source for research, and compelling reading for anyone interested in resistance movements and World War II and Holocaust history."
Denver Public Schools (December 12, 2011)
"This approach and format is much more extensive and personal than most Holocaust books for this age group, and will appeal to those who crave more depth and understanding."
Selected as one of Pennsylvania State Library Association's Top 40 (or so) 2012 Titles (2013 PSLA Conference)
James M Deem has spoken about Auschwitz and other concentration camps to thousands of middle school and high school students both in the United States and Europe, including France, Germany, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Switzerland.
His presentation is based on his six trips to Auschwitz over the last seven years. He can also add information to his presentation about any of the major concentration camps (Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, Mauthausen, Dachau, and Neuengamme, for example) to give students a broader background about the subject. He has visited all of these camps and many more as he conducted research for his books on the Holocaust. He says:
My standard presentation introduces students to the subject of the Holocaust: the years leading up to World War II in Germany and the origination of the Nazi concentration camps. I describe how Auschwitz was created and explain its rapid transformation from a prison camp to a death camp. I outline the various groups of prisoners who were incarcerated and murdered there. I conclude by discussing the final days of Auschwitz, the fate of the prisoners alive when the camp was evacuated, the war crime trials of its Nazi guards and commandant, and its present state as a museum. I can tailor all aspects of my presentation to suit any curriculum. Throughout my presentation, I read primary source passages to illustrate what the camp was like.
His PowerPoint presentation includes many evocative images that he took when visiting Auschwitz and other camps. This presentation is suitable for students aged 12 and up who are studying the Holocaust.
Purchase the Book at Amazon
Other Recommended Books about Auschwitz
Prisoner Accounts of Auschwitz
SS Accounts of Auschwitz